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做4118ccm云顶集团笔记需要注意什么?

日期:2020-03-26 发布人: 来源: 阅读量:

  每一个从事4118ccm云顶集团工作的人都离不开做笔记,俗话说“好记性不如烂笔头”,为了保证翻译的准确度,笔记是少不了的,下面尚语4118ccm云顶集团给大家分享做4118ccm云顶集团笔记需要注意什么?

  Everyone who is engaged in interpretation can't do without taking notes. As the saying goes, "good memory is better than bad writing". In order to ensure the accuracy of translation, notes are indispensable. What should we pay attention to when sharing notes for interpretation?

  1、少写多划。划线条比写文字快。线条形象,相当于翻译的"半成品",有助译员眼看笔记,口出译文。两种情况下应该尽量用线条:表示动作和动态的词句。比如,以上升的斜线代表"发展","增加","进步","进一步";以下降的斜线代表"减少","下降","恶化"等等。表示因果或前后关系的词句。比如,用一条线代表"因为/所以","…之后","在…之前",以体现出上下前后之间的关联关系。

  1. Write less and stroke more. Dashes are faster than words. Line image, equivalent to the "semi-finished product" of translation, helps the translator to read notes and export the translation. Lines should be used as much as possible in two situations: action and dynamic words and sentences. For example, the rising slash represents "development", "increase", "progress", "further"; the falling slash represents "decrease", "decline", "deterioration", etc. A word or sentence indicating cause or effect. For example, use a line to represent "because / so", " After that Before "to reflect the relationship between the top and bottom before and after.

  2、少字多意。养成一个词的笔记不超过一个字的习惯。中文里有大量的词汇是由两个,或两个以上的字组成。只要看到其中一个,你的短期记忆就应该能够补齐其余的字。不必多写。比如,"中国"最多写个"中"。"北京"最多写个"北"。英文词也同理处理。"politics" 最多写"poli","government"最多写"gov",等等。另外,需要培养以笔记与记忆互动;看到一个字能说出几个字,甚至一串词的能力。在有上下文的情况下,这不难。比如,谈中国的近况,听到"改革,开放"记一个"改"字,不难从短期记忆中说出原文。听到"British Prime Minister Tony Blair",记"PM",也同样能说出原文。

  2. Less words, more meanings. Form the habit of taking notes of no more than one word. There are a lot of words in Chinese which are composed of two or more words. As long as you see one of them, your short-term memory should be able to fill in the rest of the words. No need to write more. For example, "China" is written with "China" at most. "Beijing" has at most one "North". The same is true of English words. "Politics" means "poli" at most, "government" means "gov" at most, etc. In addition, we need to develop the ability to take notes and interact with memory; to see a word can say several words, or even a string of words. It's not hard when there's a context. For example, when talking about the recent situation in China, it is not difficult to say the original text from the short-term memory when hearing the word "reform and opening up". When you hear "British Prime Minister Tony Blair" and remember "PM", you can also say the original.

  3、少线多指。通用一小组线条/标记。否则在自己本来熟悉的中英文之外,又编出一套自己不熟悉的文码使用,会导致需要想一想用哪个符号的情况,欲速不达。

  3. Less lines and more fingers. A small group of general lines / markings. Otherwise, in addition to the Chinese and English that you are originally familiar with, you will make up a set of text codes that you are not familiar with, which will lead to the situation that you need to think about which symbol to use, which is the opposite.

  4、少横多竖。采取从上往下的阶梯结构记录,尽量少用通常书写时的横向记录。阶梯结构形象地体现出上下文的逻辑结构,简化了译员的思维过程,方便出译文。

  4. Less horizontal and more vertical. The ladder structure from top to bottom shall be adopted for recording, and the horizontal record of normal writing shall be used as less as possible. The ladder structure vividly reflects the logical structure of the context, simplifies the thinking process of the translator and facilitates the translation.

  5、快速书写。必须发展自己的汉字快速书写系统。4118ccm云顶集团笔记完全是自己看,而且只需要几分钟之内能看懂就行。很多汉字笔划减少后,并不影响确认。我这里讲的不是潦草,而是除了实际4118ccm云顶集团经常不得不潦草之外,花一些时间,把练习中或4118ccm云顶集团工作中常用的字琢磨一下,看看可以怎样减少笔划,或理顺笔划,一笔成字。

  5. Write fast. We must develop our own Chinese character fast writing system. Interpretation notes are read by oneself, and only need a few minutes to understand. When the stroke of many Chinese characters is reduced, it does not affect the confirmation. What I'm talking about here is not scribble, but in addition to the fact that actual interpretation often has to scribble, take some time to ponder over the words commonly used in practice or interpretation work, and see how to reduce strokes, or straighten out strokes, and make words.

  6、明确结束。4118ccm云顶集团中,讲话人说一段,停下来让译员译一段,然后再继续。这样,上一段话和下一段话之间,必须有明确的界限。上一次的结束点,就成了下一次翻译的开始点。其重要性在于,如果笔记是从本子的1/3处开始的,下一段话可能写了2-3页,翻回来4118ccm云顶集团时,眼光无法确定这页上面哪一条线,或符号是这次翻译内容的开始点。所以需要标明。

  6. Clear end. In interpretation, the speaker says a paragraph, stops and asks the interpreter to translate a paragraph, and then continues. In this way, there must be a clear line between the last paragraph and the next. The ending point of the last translation becomes the starting point of the next translation. The importance is that if the notes start from 1 / 3 of the book, the next paragraph may be written on 2-3 pages. When turning back to interpretation, the eye cannot determine which line is on the page, or the symbol is the starting point of the translation. So it needs to be marked.

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