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论文翻译常用的方法有什么?

日期:2019-05-27 发布人: 来源: 阅读量:

  论文翻译不仅是语言之间的转换,而且要对该论文涉及到的领域有着专业的认识,下面北京4118ccm云顶集团给大家说说论文翻译常用的方法有什么?

  Paper translation is not only a conversion between languages, but also a professional understanding of the fields involved in the paper. Now Beijing Translation Company will tell you what methods are commonly used in paper translation.

  1、采用增译法进行论文翻译

  1. Additional translation method is used to translate papers

  增译法指根据英汉两种语言不同的思维方式、语言习惯和表达方式,在翻译时增添一些词、短句或句子,以便更准确地表达出原文所包含的意义。这种方式多半用在汉译英的论文翻译里。通过增译,一能保证译文语法结构的完整,二可以保证译文意思的明确。

  Additional translation refers to adding some words, short sentences or sentences to the translation according to the different ways of thinking, language habits and expressions in English and Chinese so as to express the meaning contained in the original text more accurately. This method is mostly used in the translation of Chinese-English papers. By adding translations, one can guarantee the integrity of the grammatical structure of the translated text and the other can guarantee the clarity of the meaning of the translated text.

  2、采用省译法进行论文翻译

  2. Translating papers by omission

  省译法是与增译法相对应的一种论文翻译方法,即删去不符合目标语思维习惯、语言习惯和表达方式的词,以避免译文累赘。

  Elimination is a method of translating papers corresponding to augmentation, that is, to delete words that do not conform to the thinking habits, language habits and expressions of the target language, so as to avoid redundancy in the translation.

  3、采用转换法进行论文翻译

  3. Translating papers by the method of transformation

  转换法:指翻译过程中为了使译文符合目标语的表述方式、方法和习惯而对原句中的词类、句型和语态等进行转换。

  Conversion: It refers to the conversion of parts of speech, sentence patterns and voices in the original sentence in order to make the translation conform to the expression, method and habits of the target language in the process of translation.

  比如在词性方面,把名词转换为代词、形容词、动词;把动词转换成名词、形容词、副词、介词;把形容词转换成副词和短语。在句子成分方面,把主语变成状语、定语、宾语、表语;把谓语变成主语、定语、表语;把定语变成状语、主语;把宾语变成主语。在句型方面,把并列句变成复合句,把复合句变成并列句,把状语从句变成定语从句等等,从而简单顺利地完成论文翻译。

  For example, in terms of part of speech, nouns are transformed into pronouns, adjectives and verbs; verbs are transformed into nouns, adjectives, adverbs and prepositions; and adjectives are transformed into adverbs and phrases. In terms of sentence components, the subject is changed into adverbial, attributive, object and predicate; the predicate into subject, attributive and predicate; the attributive into adverbial and subject; and the object into subject. In the aspect of sentence pattern, the thesis translation can be completed simply and smoothly by transforming the juxtaposition sentence into the compound sentence, the compound sentence into the juxtaposition sentence, the adverbial clause into the attributive clause and so on.

  4、正译法和反译法

  4. Positive and Reverse Translation

  这两种论文翻译方法也经常被大家使用。所谓正译,是指把句子按照与汉语相同的语序或表达方式译成英语。所谓反译则是指把句子按照与汉语相反的语序或表达方式译成英语。

  These two methods of translating papers are also often used. The so-called orthogonal translation refers to the translation of sentences into English according to the same word order or expression as Chinese. The so-called reverse translation refers to the translation of sentences into English according to the word order or expression opposite to Chinese.

  5、采用倒置法进行论文翻译。

  5. Translating papers by inversion

  在汉语中,定语修饰语和状语修饰语往往位于被修饰语之前;在英语中,许多修饰语常常位于被修饰语之后,因此翻译时往往要把原文的语序颠倒过来。倒置法通常用于英译汉,即对英语长句按照汉语的习惯表达法进行前后调换,按意群或进行全部倒置,原则是使汉语译句安排符合现代汉语论理叙事的一般逻辑顺序。有时倒置法也用于汉译英。

  In Chinese, attributive modifiers and adverbial modifiers often precede the modifiers; in English, many modifiers often precede the modifiers, so the word order of the original text is often reversed in translation. Inversion is usually used in English-Chinese translation, that is to say, long English sentences are exchanged back and forth according to the customary expression of Chinese, and all of them are inverted according to the group of meanings. The principle is to make the arrangement of Chinese sentences conform to the general logical order of modern Chinese theoretical narration. Sometimes inversion is also used in Chinese-English translation.

  6、综合法

  6. Comprehensive Method

  综合法是指单用某种翻译技巧无法进行论文翻译时,着眼篇章,以逻辑分析为基础,同时使用转换法、倒置法、增译法、省译法、拆句法等多种翻译论文的技巧和方法!

  The comprehensive method refers to the techniques and methods of translating papers, such as conversion, inversion, addition, omission, parsing, etc., when a single translation skill cannot be used to translate papers, focusing on the text and based on logical analysis.

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